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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Gilles Borrelly,
Dr Stephen Tottey,
Professor Nigel Robinson
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Zn2+-responsive repressor ZiaR and Co2+-responsive activator CoaR modulate production of P1-type Zn2+-(ZiaA) and Co2+- (CoaT) ATPases respectively. What dictates metal selectivity? We show that ΔziaΔcoa double mutants had similar Zn2+ resistance to Δzia single mutants and similar Co 2+ resistance to Δcoa single mutants. Controlling either ziaA or coaT with opposing regulators restored no resistance to metals sensed by the regulators, but coincident replacement of the deduced cytosolic amino-terminal domain CoaTN with ZiaAN (in ziaR-pziaA- ziaANcoaT) conferred Zn2+ resistance to ΔziaΔcoa, Zn2+ content was lowered and residual Co 2+ resistance lost. Metal-dependent molar absorptivity under anaerobic conditions revealed that purified ZiaAN binds Co 2+ in a pseudotetrahedral two-thiol site, and Co2+ was displaced by Zn2+. Thus, the amino-terminal domain of ZiaA inverts the metals exported by zinc-regulated CoaT from Co2+ to Zn 2+, and this correlates simplistically with metal-binding preferences; KZiaAN Zn2+ tighter than Co2+. However, Zn2+ did not bleach Cu+-ZiaAN, and only Cu+ co-migrated with ZiaAN after competitive binding versus Zn2+. Bacterial two-hybrid assays that detected interaction between the Cu+-metallochaperone Atx1 and the amino-terminal domain of Cu+-transporter PacSN detected no interaction with the analogous, deduced, ferredoxin-fold subdomain of ZiaAN. Provided that there is no freely exchangeable cytosolic Cu+, restricted contact with the Cu+-metallochaperone can impose a barrier impairing the formation of otherwise favoured Cu+-ZiaAN complexes.
Author(s): Borrelly GPM, Rondet SAM, Tottey S, Robinson NJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Molecular Microbiology
ISSN (print): 0950-382X
ISSN (electronic): 1365-2958
PubMed id: 15225316
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