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Lookup NU author(s): Colin Wilson,
Professor Gerard Stansby,
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Background. Non-heart-beating donors (NHBDs) have the potential to reduce the increasing numbers of patients on kidney and liver graft waiting lists. One problem observed with kidneys obtained from NHBDs is the endothelial injury seen on protocol core biopsies after implantation. We postulate that this is caused by a combination of warm ischemia, cold ischemia, and hypertonic citrate during in situ preservation (ISP) rather than hypothermic machine preservation. Our aim was to optimize ISP methods to preserve endothelial structure and function. Methods. An animal model of ISP was used to compare the ability of eight different preservation solutions to protect mammalian vascular tissue exposed to a combination of warm and cold ischemia. Smooth muscle contractile function and endothelial dependent relaxation (nitric oxide production) were determined using an organ bath method. Results. Bretchneider's HTK solution preserved the ability of endothelial tissue to relax vascular tissue in response to acetylcholine (91% relaxation vs. 17% saline control; ANOVA, P<0.001); in stark contrast, Marshall's solution performed no better than saline (15% relaxation vs. 17% saline control, P=NS). UW solution (80%) and a derivative lacking the starch colloid (70%) were comparable with HTK. Belzer-MPS (55%), Celsior (57%), and Perfadex (44%) showed a roughly equivalent level of endothelial preservation. Electron microscopy confirmed an anatomical loss of structure correlating with loss of function. Conclusions. ISP requires a large volume of fluid to be pumped at high flow rates. In this model, HTK retained a powerful ability to preserve endothelial structure and function during warm ischemia.
Author(s): Wilson CH, Stansby G, Haswell M, Cunningham AC, Talbot D
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
ISSN (print): 0041-1337
ISSN (electronic): 1534-6080
Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins
PubMed id: 15480166
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