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An inspector calls: The regulation of 'budget' private schools in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India

Lookup NU author(s): Professor James Tooley, Professor Pauline Dixon


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Research explored the regulatory regime, both 'on paper' and 'in practice', for private unaided schools serving low-income families ('budget' private schools), in Hyderabad, Andhra Pradesh, India. Interviews were conducted with school managers, teachers, parents, and senior government officials and politicians. A Supreme Court Judgement rules out profit-making in the schools, although, in practice, interviewees said this was widely ignored. At the state level, extensive regulations govern all aspects of a school's work. In practice, government officials reported, however, that only four regulations need to be met, but none of the recognised schools met more than two of these. In practice, there may be too few inspectors and a culture of bribery and corruption. A possible way forward is described, of private self-regulation, based on findings concerning parental accountability. © 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Tooley J, Dixon P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Educational Development

Year: 2005

Volume: 25

Issue: 3

Pages: 269-285

Print publication date: 01/05/2005

ISSN (print): 0738-0593

ISSN (electronic): 1873-4871

Publisher: Elsevier


DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2004.09.001


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