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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Graham Tipple
Home-based enterprises (HBEs) are an accepted component in the informal sector in rapidly developing cities. However, they have generally received quite a bad press, especially through a concentration on the exploitation evident in piece-rate homework. From our work in low-income neighbourhoods in Cochabamba (Bolivia), New Delhi (India), Surabaya (Indonesia) and Pretoria (South Africa), we assess HBEs with respect to the characteristics of the informal sector put forward in the literature. We examine our samples of HBEs against such characteristics as small, low operator incomes, informal labour relations and non-separation of production and consumption. We find that they largely conform to expectations. Incomes are low but they are very significant in poverty alleviation. Although many HBEs require few skills, a few compete effectively in international markets. © 2005 The Editors of Urban Studies.
Author(s): Tipple G
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Urban Studies
Print publication date: 01/04/2005
ISSN (print): 0042-0980
ISSN (electronic): 1360-063X
Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd.
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