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Lookup NU author(s): Selina Bamforth,
Dr Ian Singleton
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) are a class of organic compounds that have accumulated in the natural environment mainly as a result of anthropogenic activities such as the combustion of fossil fuels. Interest has surrounded the occurrence and distribution of PAHs for many decades due to their potentially harmful effects to human health. This concern has prompted researchers to address ways to detoxify/remove these organic compounds from the natural environment. Bioremediation is one approach that has been used to remediate contaminated land and waters, and promotes the natural attenuation of the contaminants using the in situ microbial community of the site. This review discusses the variety of fungi and bacteria that are capable of these transformations, describes the major aerobic and anaerobic breakdown pathways, and highlights some of the bioremediation technologies that are currently available. © 2005 Society of Chemical Industry.
Author(s): Bamforth SM, Singleton I
Publication type: Review
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Chemical Technology and Biotechnology
Print publication date: 01/07/2005
ISSN (print): 0268-2575
ISSN (electronic): 1097-4660