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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Seung Chang,
Dr James Henderson,
Emeritus Professor Calum McNeilORCiD
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A new approach for an amperometric array sensor platform employing arrays of sensors in a 24-well cell culture plate format has been developed for simultaneous in vitro determination of nitric oxide (NO) and superoxide free radicals (O2-) produced by stimulated cells. The work reported focuses on the direct, real-time monitoring of extracellular production of these two analytes, as well as the effects of their interaction. The sensor platform was manufactured by a combination of sputtering gold electrodes and screen-printing carbon electrodes. The O2- sensor uses covalent immobilization of cytochrome c via a binder, DTSSP (3,3′-dithio- bis(sulphosuccinimidylpropionate) onto the surface of the Au electrodes, whereas the NO sensor system involves an NiTSPc (nickel tetrasulfonated phthalocyanine) film electrodeposited onto the surface of the carbon electrodes and subsequently covered with an external layer of Nafion®. For in vitro demonstration of the platforms as a potential drug-screening system, A172 glioblastoma cells were cultured and transferred into the 24-well arrays. Simultaneous and direct monitoring of NO and O2- production as a response to chemicals of biomedical relevance was carried out. The results obtained demonstrated that it would be possible to envisage a drug screening platform for compounds designed to be inhibitors of nitric oxide synthase or to have an inhibitory effect on superoxide free radical production. By suitable modification of the electrodes employed it would also be possible to extend the platform to measure alternative species. © 2005 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Chang S-C, Pereira-Rodrigues N, Henderson JR, Cole A, Bedioui F, McNeil CJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Biosensors and Bioelectronics
Print publication date: 15/12/2005
ISSN (print): 0956-5663
ISSN (electronic): 1873-4235
PubMed id: 16257661
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