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Mutational analysis of the PITX2 coding region revealed no common cause for transposition of the great arteries (dTGA)

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Judith Goodship



Background: PITX2 is a bicoid-related homeodomain transcription factor that plays an important role in asymmetric cardiogenesis. Loss of function experiments in mice cause severe heart malformations, including transposition of the great arteries (TGA). TGA accounts for 5-7% of all congenital heart diseases affecting 0.2 per 1000 live births, thereby representing the most frequent cyanotic heart defect diagnosed in the neonatal period. Methods: To address whether altered PITX2 function could also contribute to the formation of dTGA in humans, we screened 96 patients with dTGA by means of dHPLC and direct sequencing for mutations within the PITX2 gene. Results: Several SNPs could be detected, but no stop or frame shift mutation. In particular, we found seven intronic and UTR variants, two silent mutations and two polymorphisms within the coding region. Conclusion: As most sequence variants were also found in controls we conclude that mutations in PITX2 are not a common cause of dTGA. © 2005 Muncke et al; licensee BioMed Central Ltd.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Muncke N, Niesler B, Roeth R, Schon K, Rudiger H-J, Goldmuntz E, Goodship J, Rappold G

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: BMC Medical Genetics

Year: 2005

Volume: 6

Issue: 20

Pages: 5

Print publication date: 12/05/2005

ISSN (electronic): 1471-2350

Publisher: BioMed Central


DOI: 10.1186/1471-2350-6-20


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