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Quantifiers in depressed future thinking: All of the future will be bleak, but some of it will be good

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Stephen Barton


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The aim of this study was to explore the impact of quantifiers on depressed future thinking. Universal quantifiers, such as all and none, express bleak expectations and their global nature suggests no alternatives or exceptions (e.g., "None of the future will be happy; all of it will be bleak"). We hypothesised that less extreme quantifiers would access alternative future perspectives. Depressed participants with high levels of hopelessness generated continuations to sentence stems that quantified different amounts of future time. Averaging over conditions, the depressed were more negative than never-depressed controls, but differences were attenuated in response to the quantifier some - the depressed were more positive and less negative under this condition (e.g., "Some of the future...will be good"). By differentiating subsets of the future, some produced contrasts with negative global models and accessed positive alternatives. © 2005 Psychology Press Ltd.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Barton SB, Houghton P, Morley S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Cognition and Emotion

Year: 2005

Volume: 19

Issue: 7

Pages: 1083-1094

ISSN (print): 0269-9931

ISSN (electronic): 1464-0600

Publisher: Psychology Press


DOI: 10.1080/02699930500145495


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