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Diagnosis and outcome of fetal lower urinary tract obstruction in the northern region of England

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Steve Robson

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Abstract

Objective: We reviewed the prenatal and postnatal management of fetal lower urinary tract obstruction (LUTO) in a large geographically defined population. Methods: The records of 113 cases of LUTO seen over a 14-year period were examined. The predictive accuracy of prenatal findings for chronic renal failure (CRF) and a comparison of prenatal-suspected and non-suspected cases were made. Results: The incidence of LUTO was 2.2 in 10 000 births. During the study period, prenatal detection improved from 33 to 62%. Sensitivity of prenatal ultrasound detection of renal dysplasia and fetal urinary sodium, calcium, and beta2-microglobulin for CRF or renal dysplasia on autopsy were 59, 33, 66, and 63% respectively. Compared to undetected cases, those detected prenatally had higher mortality and a higher rate of CRF at 24 months (17% vs 57%, p < 0.01). Conclusion: Our observations confirm the poor prognosis associated with fetal LUTO. The value of serial fetal urine biochemistry, other prenatal predictors of postnatal renal function, and the benefits of vesicoamniotic shunting require larger series and longer follow-up. Copyright © 2005 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Anumba DO, Scott JE, Plant ND, Robson SC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Prenatal Diagnosis

Year: 2005

Volume: 25

Issue: 1

Pages: 7-13

ISSN (print): 0197-3851

ISSN (electronic): 1097-0223

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pd.1074

DOI: 10.1002/pd.1074

PubMed id: 15662711


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