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Analysis of changes in gingival contour from three-dimensional co-ordinate data in subjects with drug-induced gingival overgrowth

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Mark Thomason, Professor Janice EllisORCiD, Emeritus Professor Robin Seymour


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Objectives: This aim of this study was to develop and assess a technique that could be used to assess accurately the gingival volume changes seen in drug-induced gingival overgrowth by the analysis of data obtained from an entire gingival surface by means of three-dimensional imaging. Material and Methods: Stone dental models of patients before and after gingivectomy procedures were digitized with a laser scanner and then regenerated as computer models constructed from the acquired three-dimensional co-ordinate data. A comparison of superposed "before" and "after" surfaces was undertaken to assess and accurately quantify changes in gingival contour. Results: The mean vertical tissue reduction varied from 1.58 to 2.56 mm in the four study subjects and individual differences are shown. The maximum thickness of removed buccal gingival overgrowth was found to range between 1.20 and 3.40 mm. The volume of tissue removed from each inter-dental papilla ranged from 4.2 to 46.1 mm3 and the mean volume of the papilla removed from each subject ± SD values was 24.8 ± 13.1 mm3. Conclusion: This method will measure changes in gingival tissues to within 60 μm in one plane, making it ideal for the assessment of longitudinal changes in gingival contour as seen in the development of gingival overgrowth, its recurrence after surgery or the changes in volume brought about by surgery. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2005.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Thomason JM, Ellis JS, Jovanovski V, Corson M, Lynch E, Seymour RA

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Clinical Periodontology

Year: 2005

Volume: 32

Issue: 10

Pages: 1069-1075

Print publication date: 01/10/2005

ISSN (print): 0303-6979

ISSN (electronic): 1600-051X

Publisher: Wiley


DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-051X.2005.00769.x

PubMed id: 16174270


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