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Laryngeal epithelial defenses against laryngopharyngeal reflux: Investigations of E-cadherin, carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme III, and pepsin

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Jeffrey Pearson


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Objectives: This is the third annual report of an international research network studying the cellular impact of laryngopharyngeal reflux (LPR) on laryngeal epithelium. The objective of this study was to investigate the presence of E-cadherin (epithelial cadherin; the intercellular junctional complex protein) in relation to the presence of (intracellular) pepsin and carbonic anhydrase isoenzyme III (CAIII). Methods: Fifty-four laryngeal biopsy specimens from 18 LPR patients were studied by immunohistochemistry and Western blotting for pepsin, E-cadherin, and CAIII. These data were compared to those from normal control subjects analyzed in another research study. Results: Intracellular pepsin was detected in LPR patients, but not in controls. E-cadherin expression was reduced in patients with LPR. Carbonic anhydrase III expression was not found in the vocal fold or in the majority of samples taken from the ventricle of LPR patients and was inversely associated with E-cadherin membranous expression. Conclusions: The findings of depleted E-cadherin and CAIII and the presence of pepsin appear to correlate with LPR. The reduced protective response indicated by the reduced expression of CAIII may play an important role in the disruption of the intercellular barrier associated with the down-regulation of E-cadherin. © 2005 Annals Publishing Company. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Gill GA, Johnston N, Buda A, Pignatelli M, Pearson J, Dettmar PW, Koufman J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Annals of Otology, Rhinology and Laryngology

Year: 2005

Volume: 114

Issue: 12

Pages: 913-921

ISSN (print): 0003-4894

ISSN (electronic): 1943-572X

Publisher: Annals Publishing Co.

PubMed id: 16425556