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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Henry Etzkowitz
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Debate over the Triple Helix model has focused on the question of whether there is a fourth helix. Various candidates have been suggested, such as labor, venture capital, the informal sector and civil society. However, introduction of a fourth helix might cause a triadic model to lose its creative dynamic. Nevertheless., an expanded model is required to incorporate a critical dimension. To resolve this paradox, we propose a Sustainability Triple Helix of university-public-government as a complement to the Innovation Triple Helix of university-industry-government, thereby introducing a missing element into the model, while retaining the dynamic properties of a tertius gaudens. © Beech Tree Publishing 2006.
Author(s): Etzkowitz H, Zhou C
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Science and Public Policy
ISSN (print): 0302-3427
ISSN (electronic): 1471-5430
Publisher: Beech Tree Publishing
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