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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Liz Williams,
Professor John Mathers
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Models for the pathogenesis of colorectal cancer tend to focus on the localized lesion, with less attention paid to changes in normal-appearing mucosa. Here we used two-dimensional gel electrophoresis and mass spectrometry to define patterns of protein expression in morphologically normal colonic mucosa from 13 healthy subjects, 9 patients with adenomatous polyps, and 9 with cancer. Tumor samples were also compared with the normal mucosa. Systematic gel comparisons identified a total of 839 spots that differed significantly between one or more groups (P < 0.05). Principle component analysis indicated that the first three components accounted for ∼ 37% of the total variation and provided clear evidence that flat mucosa from healthy subjects differed significantly from that of patients with polyps or cancer. Sixty-one proteins differed significantly between mucosa from healthy subjects and all other tissue types, and 206 differed significantly between healthy mucosa and polyp mucosa. Several of the proteins showing significant underexpression in tumor tissue were cytokeratins and other cytoskeletal components. In contrast, cytokeratins, including several isoforms of cytokeratin 8, were overexpressed in apparently normal mucosa from polyp and cancer patients compared with mucosa from healthy subjects. These findings indicate that protein expression in the apparently normal colonie mucosal field is modified in individuals with neoplastic lesions at sites distant from the lesion. Recognition and further characterization of this field effect at the molecular level may provide protein biomarkers of susceptibility to colorectal cancer and facilitate development of hypotheses for the role of diet and other environmental factors in its causation. ©2006 American Association for Cancer Research.
Author(s): Polley ACJ, Mulholland F, Pin C, Williams EA, Bradburn DM, Mills SJ, Mathers JC, Johnson IT
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Cancer Research
ISSN (print): 0008-5472
ISSN (electronic): 1538-7445
Publisher: American Association for Cancer Research
PubMed id: 16818627
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