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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Chantana Mekseepralard,
Emeritus Professor Geoffrey Toms,
Dr Edward Routledge
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Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) to conserved epitopes on the G glycoprotein of human respiratory syncytial virus (HRSV) subgroup A fail to neutralize the virus in cell culture in the absence of complement, but are protective in rodent models of infection. They may have potential as prophylactic agents in human infants. In order to investigate the role of Fc-dependent pathways in protection by one such antibody, 1 C2, the VH and VL genes were isolated by RT-PCR and assembled with human κ light-chain and human γ1 heavy-chain constant-region genes to form two mouse-human chimaeras, which were expressed in NSO cells. One of the chimaeras carried a wild-type γ1 chain, whilst the other had an aglycosyl mutation in the CH2 domain rendering the antibody defective in complement activation and FcγR binding. Whilst both chimaeric antibodies exhibited similar avidity for HRSV in ELISA, only the fully glycosylated wild type was capable of neutralizing the virus in the presence of complement. In mice passively immunized with either murine or wild-type γ1 chimaeric antibody, no virus could be recovered from the lungs 4 days after intranasal inoculation of HRSV. In mice immunized with the aglycosyl γ1 chimaera, however, virus was present in the lungs following challenge, although virus titres were significantly reduced compared with controls (P<0.005). These results indicate that the protective effect of this antibody is mediated by both Fc-dependent and Fc-independent pathway. © 2006 SGM.
Author(s): Mekseepralard C, Toms GL, Routledge EG
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of General Virology
ISSN (print): 0022-1317
ISSN (electronic): 1465-2099
Publisher: Society for General Microbiology
PubMed id: 16603529
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