Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Beyond subculture and post-subculture? The case of virtual psytrance

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Robert Hollands


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Recently, there has been an engaging debate in youth studies between the efficacy of subcultural theory versus post-subcultural perspectives. While positions have ranged from reinterpretation and alternatives to youth subcultural theory, to a return to some form of subcultural analysis and emphasis on leisure inequalities, equally there have been both critiques and defences of post-subcultural and postmodernist perspective emphasising the fragmented and transitory aspects of youth styles. However, much of the debate here has taken place on the terrain of theory and critique/counter-critique, rather than in terms of empirical studies. This article presents an exploration of the global subculture of 'virtual psytrancers' (people who visit psytrance dance style discussion forums on the Internet), while also investigating the validity of both subcutural and post-subcultural theories. A total of 569 virtual psytrancers from over 40 countries were involved in an Internet-based, online-questionnaire-based study, which assessed the shared attitudes, global spaces and international connections of the group. The findings presented here reject a simple theoretical dichotomy, and challenge the notion that subcultures must be primarily local (rather than global/virtual) and singularly class-based, as well as simultaneously refuting postmodern conceptions that global youth styles are, by definition, depthless, transitory and internally fragmented. © 2006 Taylor & Francis.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Greener T, Hollands RG

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Youth Studies

Year: 2006

Volume: 9

Issue: 4

Pages: 393-418

Print publication date: 01/09/2006

ISSN (print): 1367-6261

ISSN (electronic): 1469-9680


DOI: 10.1080/13676260600914390


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric


Find at Newcastle University icon    Link to this publication