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Effect of levels of sodium DL-malate supplementation on ruminal fermentation efficiency of concentrates containing high levels of cassava chip in dairy steers

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Peter Rowlinson


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Four rumen-fistulated dairy steers were randomly assigned according to a 4×4 Latin square design to investigate effects of supplementation levels of sodium d1-malate in concentrates on rumen ecology, ruminal fermentation, nitrogen balance, feed intake and digestibility of nutrients and ruminal microbial protein synthesis. The dietary treatments were cassava concentrate-based, containing sodium d1-malate supplementation at 0, 9, 18 and 27 g/hd/d with urea-treated rice straw (UTS) fed ad libitum. The experiment was conducted for four periods, each period lasting 21 days. Ruminal pH increased with incremental addition of malate (p<0.05). Additionally, molar proportions of propionate were higher in supplemented groups and was highest at 18 g/hd/d of malate supplement (p<0.05). Microbial protein synthesis tended to be higher in dairy steers receiving sodium dl-malate supplements and also was the highest at 18 g/hd/d. Variable bacterial populations, such as amylolytic, proteolytic and cellulolytic species were increased (p<0.05). Furthermore, protozoal populations were decreased significantly (p<0.05), while fungal zoospores were dramatically increased in dairy steers receiving sodium dl-malate supplement (p<0.05). These results suggested that supplementation of concentrate containing a high level of cassava chip at 18 g/hd/d with UTS in dairy steers could improve rumen fermentation efficiency and rumen microbial protein synthesis.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Khampa S, Wanapat M, Wachirapakorn C, Nontaso N, Wattiaux MA, Rowlison P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Asian-Australasian Journal of Animal Sciences

Year: 2006

Volume: 19

Issue: 3

Pages: 368-375

ISSN (print): 1011-2367

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: Asian-Australasian Association of Animal Production Societies