Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Effect of smoking on crevicular polymorphonuclear neutrophil function in periodontally healthy subjects

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Philip Preshaw


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Background: Polymorphonuclear neutrophils (PMNs) represent the first line of cellular defences in the gingival crevice. Smoking, as probably the most important environmental risk factor for periodontitis, has been shown to adversely affect many neutrophil functions. Objective: The aim of this study was to investigate the influence of smoking on PMN numbers and function in periodontally healthy smokers and non-smokers. Methods: Sixty subjects were recruited: 15 non-smokers, 15 light smokers (< 5 cigarettes/day), 15 moderate smokers (5-15 cigarettes/day) and 15 heavy smokers (> 15 cigarettes/day). Full mouth plaque index, sulcus bleeding index and probing depths were measured. Crevicular washings were obtained from all subjects to harvest PMNs. Numbers of PMNs, percentage viability, and percentage phagocytosis of opsonized Candida albicans were recorded. Results: Mean plaque scores and probing depths were (non-significantly) increased in smokers compared to non-smokers. Mean sulcus bleeding index scores were significantly lower in moderate (0.10 ± 0.10) and heavy (0.07 ± 0.11) smokers compared to non-smokers (0.14 ± 0.13) (p < 0.05). Compared to non-smokers (1.73 ± 1.08 × 10 6/ml), the numbers of PMNs were higher in light (1.98 ± 0.96 × 106/ml) and moderate (2.03 ± 1.43 × 10 6/ml) smokers and were lower in heavy smokers (1.68 ± 1.18 × 106/ml), though there were no significant differences in PMN counts between the groups (p > 0.05). Percentage viability of PMNs was significantly lower in light (77.6 ± 7.8%), moderate (76.5 ± 8.2%) and heavy (75.0 ± 6.5%) smokers compared to non-smokers (85.5 ± 6.0%) (p < 0.05). Furthermore, the ability of PMNs to phagocytose was significantly impaired in light (58.3 ± 4.1%), moderate (51.9 ± 2.33%) and heavy (40.9 ± 3.5%) smokers compared to non-smokers (74.1 ± 4.1%) (p < 0.05), with evidence of a dose-response effect. Conclusion: Cigarette smoking adversely affected PMN viability and function in this periodontally healthy population. © Blackwell Munksgaard 2006.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Guntsch A, Erler M, Preshaw PM, Sigusch BW, Klinger G, Glockmann E

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Periodontal Research

Year: 2006

Volume: 41

Issue: 3

Pages: 184-188

ISSN (print): 0022-3484

ISSN (electronic): 1600-0765

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell


DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0765.2005.00852.x

PubMed id: 16677286


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric