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Private and public schooling in Ghana: A census and comparative survey

Lookup NU author(s): Professor James Tooley, Professor Pauline Dixon


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A census and survey of schools in the district of Ga, Ghana, explored the nature and extent of private education, and compared inputs to public and private schooling. Three quarters of all schools found were private, with almost as many unregistered private as government schools. Several important differences between registered and unregistered private schools were noted, including age, fee levels charged, teacher salaries and class size. A range of inputs, such as teacher activity, availability of desks, chairs, libraries, toilets and drinking water, were used to compare inputs to government, unregistered and registered private schools. Some conclusions are explored about the potential role for the private sector in helping meet "education for all" targets. © Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Tooley J, Dixon P, Amuah I

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Review of Education

Year: 2007

Volume: 53

Issue: 4

Pages: 389-415

Print publication date: 01/07/2007

ISSN (print): 0020-8566

ISSN (electronic): 1573-0638

Publisher: Springer


DOI: 10.1007/s11159-007-9042-3


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