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Alternative RNA splicing complexes containing the scaffold attachment factor SAFB2

Lookup NU author(s): Caroline Dalgliesh, Dr Julian Venables, Professor David Elliott


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The scaffold attachment factor SAFB1 and its recently discovered homologue SAFB2 might provide an important link between pre-mRNA splicing, intracellular signalling and transcription. Using novel mono-specific antisera, we found endogenous SAFB2 protein has a different spatial distribution from SAFB1 within the nucleus where it is found in much larger nuclear complexes (up to 670 kDa in size), and a distinct pattern of expression in adult human testis. By contrast, SAFB1 protein predominantly exists either as smaller complexes or as a monomeric protein. Our results suggest stable core complexes containing components comprised of SAFB1, SAFB2 and the RNA binding proteins Sam68 and hnRNPG exist in parallel with free SAFB1 protein. We found that SAFB2 protein, like SAFB1, acts as a negative regulator of a tra2β variable exon. Despite showing an involvement in splicing, we detected no stable interaction between SAFB proteins and SR or SR-related splicing regulators, although these were also found in stable higher molecular mass complexes. Each of the detected alternative splicing regulator complexes exists independently of intact nucleic acids, suggesting they might be pre-assembled and recruited to nascent transcripts as modules to facilitate alternative splicing, and/or they represent nuclear storage compartments from which active proteins are recruited.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Sergeant KA, Bourgeois CF, Dalgliesh C, Venables JP, Stevenin J, Elliott DJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Cell Science

Year: 2007

Volume: 120

Issue: 2

Pages: 309-319

ISSN (print): 0021-9533

ISSN (electronic): 1477-9137

Publisher: The Company of Biologists Ltd


DOI: 10.1242/jcs.03344

PubMed id: 17200140


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