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Private schooling for low-income families: A census and comparative survey in East Delhi, India

Lookup NU author(s): Professor James Tooley, Professor Pauline Dixon


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A census and survey of schools in the slums of East Delhi, India, explored the nature and extent of private education serving low-income families, and compared inputs to public and private schooling. Around two-thirds of all schools were private unaided, with more unrecognised private than government schools. Teaching activity was found to be considerably higher in private unaided than government schools, although teacher absenteeism was lowest in government schools. Most inputs showed either comparable levels of provision in government and private unaided schools, or superiority in private unaided schools. Possible implications are explored, concerning targeted vouchers, increased regulation and self-regulation. © 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Tooley J, Dixon P

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Educational Development

Year: 2007

Volume: 27

Issue: 2

Pages: 205-219

ISSN (print): 0738-0593

ISSN (electronic): 1873-4871

Publisher: Pergamon


DOI: 10.1016/j.ijedudev.2006.08.002


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