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Increased nuclear β-catenin in suprabasal involved psoriatic epidermis

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Kehinde Ross, Professor Nick Reynolds

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Abstract

Background: Psoriasis is a common inflammatory skin disease characterized by abnormal keratinocyte proliferation and differentiation, increased angiogenesis and inflammation. There is evidence that some keratinocyte differentiation events are controlled by changes in cell-cell adhesion. β-catenin is a 94-kDa protein which has a dual function as a component of intercellular adherens junctions and also as a transcription factor as part of the Wnt signalling pathway. β-catenin is not required for keratinocyte proliferation but has been shown to regulate keratinocyte stem cells and hair follicle morphogenesis. Objectives: To investigate the distribution and function of β-catenin in involved psoriatic epidermis and in epidermal keratinocytes. Methods: Biopsies were obtained from patients with psoriasis and from normal controls. The distribution of β-catenin was investigated using antibodies to both total and unphosphorylated active β-catenin. Luciferase assays were used to measure transcriptional activation of transglutaminase 1 (TGase 1) and involucrin and to investigate the functional role of β-catenin in interfollicular keratinocytes. Results: Increased nuclear β-catenin was seen in lesional suprabasal psoriatic epidermis compared with uninvolved or normal skin. Increased active unphosphorylated β-catenin was also detected within the differentiating compartment of involved psoriatic epidermis. Expression of TGase 1 overlapped with β-catenin in suprabasal lesional psoriasis. The TGase 1 promoter was positively regulated by activated β-catenin and by the glycogen synthase kinase binding protein, suggesting that β-catenin and glycogen synthase kinase 3β may regulate TGase 1 expression. Conclusions: This is the first report to convincingly demonstrate increased β-catenin in involved psoriasis and to implicate β-catenin in the regulation of TGase 1. This evidence suggests a role for β-catenin signalling in regulating keratinocyte differentiation in interfollicular skin in addition to previously reported functions in stem cell fate determination, hair follicle regulation and skin tumorigenesis. © 2007 The Authors.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Hampton PJ, Ross OK, Reynolds NJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: British Journal of Dermatology

Year: 2007

Volume: 157

Issue: 6

Pages: 1168-1177

Print publication date: 01/12/2007

ISSN (print): 0007-0963

ISSN (electronic): 1365-2133

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1365-2133.2007.08195.x

DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2133.2007.08195.x

PubMed id: 17916213


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