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Impediments to the diversification of rural economies in central and eastern Europe: Evidence from small-scale farms in Poland

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Matthew GortonORCiD


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Most rural economies in Central and Eastern Europe suffer from a poorly developed Rural Non-Farm Economy (RNFE) and a lack of alternative economic activities outside of farming. While the diversification of rural economies in Central and Eastern Europe away from an over reliance on agriculture has become an important policy goal, little research has been conducted on the impediments to diversification. This paper focuses on the barriers faced by Polish farm households to taking up off-farm employment and establishing new, non-agricultural enterprises. Factor and cluster analysis are applied to a data set of individual farms in order to identify groups of households facing similar constraints and profile policy measures that are most likely to assist diversification. Diversification is unlikely to expand significantly in the short-term due to a combination of the age of households, a desire to concentrate on farming and remoteness. Those farm households most willing to diversify are characterized by the lowest agricultural incomes and suffer from a poor endowment of human and physical capital.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Chaplin H, Gorton M, Davidova S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Regional Studies

Year: 2007

Volume: 41

Issue: 3

Pages: 361-376

ISSN (print): 0034-3404

ISSN (electronic): 1360-0591

Publisher: Routledge


DOI: 10.1080/00343400701282129


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