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Lookup NU author(s): Professor Robert Taylor
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Objectives: The purpose of this study was to clarify the molecular mechanisms linking human mitochondrial deoxyribonucleic acid (mtDNA) dysfunction to cardiac remodeling. Background: Defects of the mitochondrial genome cause a heterogeneous group of clinical disorders, including mitochondrial cardiomyopathies (MIC). The molecular events linking mtDNA defects to cardiac remodeling are unknown. Energy derangements and increase of mitochondrial-derived reactive oxygen species (ROS) could both play a role in the development of cardiac dysfunction in MIC. In addition, mitochondrial proliferation could interfere with sarcomere alignment and contraction. Methods: We performed a detailed morphologic and molecular analysis on failing hearts from 3 patients with MIC, failing human hearts due to ischemic heart disease (IHD) or dilated cardiomyopathies (DCM), and nonfailing hearts. Results: The MIC hearts showed marked mitochondrial proliferation with myofibril displacement. Consistent with morphologic features, increase in mtDNA content per cell and induction of genes involved in mitochondrial biogenesis, fatty acid metabolism, and glucose transport were observed. Down-regulation of these genes characterized DCM and IHD hearts. A pronounced increase in mitochondrial-derived ROS was observed in MIC hearts compared with failing hearts due to other causes. This was paralleled by up-regulation of genes encoding for uncoupling proteins and antioxidant enzymes. However, there was not a significant increase in antioxidant enzyme activity. Conclusions: Our results suggest that besides energy deficiency, mitochondrial biogenesis per se is a maladaptive response in MIC and, possibly, in other metabolic cardiomyopathies. © 2007 American College of Cardiology Foundation.
Author(s): Sebastiani M, Giordano C, Nediani C, Travaglini C, Borchi E, Zani M, Feccia M, Mancini M, Petrozza V, Cossarizza A, Gallo P, Taylor RW, d'Amati G
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of the American College of Cardiology
ISSN (print): 0735-1097
ISSN (electronic): 1558-3597
PubMed id: 17903636
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