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Cellulomonas composti sp. nov., a cellulolytic bacterium isolated from cattle farm compost

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Myung Kim, Professor Michael Goodfellow


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A bacterial strain, TR7-06T, which has cellulase and β-glucosidase activities, was isolated from compost at a cattle farm near Daejeon, Republic of Korea. It was a Gram-positive, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic, non-motile, rod-shaped bacterium. Phylogenetic analysis based on 16S rRNA gene sequences showed that this strain belongs to the genus Cellulomonas, with highest sequence similarity to Cellulomonas uda DSM 20107T (98.5%). Cell wall analysis revealed the presence of type A4β, L-Orn-D-Glu peptidoglycan. The cell-wall sugars detected were mannose and glucose. The predominant menaquinone was MK-9(H4); MK-8(H4) was detected in smaller quantities. The major fatty acids were anteiso-C15:0, C16:0, C14:0 and C18:0. The polar lipids detected were diphosphatidylglycerol, phosphatidylethanolamine and phosphatidylinositol. The results of DNA-DNA hybridization and physiological and biochemical tests clearly demonstrated that TR7-06T represents a novel species. The combined genotypic and phenotypic data show that strain TR7-06T (=KCTC 19030T =NBRC 100758T) merits description as the type strain of a novel Cellulomonas species, Cellulomonas composti sp. nov. © 2007 IUMS.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Kang M-Y, Im W-T, Jung H-M, Kim MK, Goodfellow M, Kim KK, Yang H-C, An D-S, Lee S-T

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: International Journal of Systematic and Evolutionary Microbiology

Year: 2007

Volume: 57

Issue: 6

Pages: 1256-1260

Print publication date: 01/06/2007

ISSN (print): 1466-5026

ISSN (electronic): 1070-6259

Publisher: Society for General Microbiology


DOI: 10.1099/ijs.0.63974-0

PubMed id: 17551039


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