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The Indian Ocean tsunami of December 26, 2004: Observations in Sri Lanka and Thailand

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Sean Wilkinson


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On December 26, 2004 a great earthquake (MW 9.3) occurred off the western coast of Sumatra triggering a series of tsunami waves that propagated across the Indian Ocean causing damage and life loss in 12 countries. This paper summarizes the observations of lifeline performance, building damage and its distribution, and the social and economic impact of the tsunami made by the Earthquake Engineering Field Investigation Team (EEFIT) in Thailand and Sri Lanka. EEFIT operates under the umbrella of the UK's Institution of Structural Engineers. It is observed that good engineering practice can reduce economic losses, but additional measures are required to reduce risk to life. © Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2006.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Rossetto T, Peiris N, Pomonis A, Wilkinson SM, Del Re D, Koo R, Gallocher S

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Natural Hazards

Year: 2007

Volume: 42

Issue: 1

Pages: 105-124

ISSN (print): 0921-030X

ISSN (electronic): 1573-0840

Publisher: Springer Netherlands


DOI: 10.1007/s11069-006-9064-3


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