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A synthetic vision system using directionally selective motion detectors to recognize collision

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Claire RindORCiD


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Reliably recognizing objects approaching on a collision course is extremely important. A synthetic vision system is proposed to tackle the problem of collision recognition in dynamic environments. The system combines the outputs of four whole-field motion-detecting neurons, each receiving inputs from a network of neurons employing asymmetric lateral inhibition to suppress their responses to one direction of motion. An evolutionary algorithm is then used to adjust the weights between the four motion-detecting neurons to tune the system to detect collisions in two test environments. To do this, a population of agents, each representing a proposed synthetic visual system, either were shown images generated by a mobile Khepera robot navigating in a simplified laboratory environment or were shown images videoed outdoors from a moving vehicle. The agents had to cope with the local environment correctly in order to survive. After 400 generations, the best agent recognized imminent collisions reliably in the familiar environment where it had evolved. However, when the environment was swapped, only the agent evolved to cope in the robotic environment still signaled collision reliably. This study suggests that whole-field direction-selective neurons, with selectivity based on asymmetric lateral inhibition, can be organized into a synthetic vision system, which can then be adapted to play an important role in collision detection in complex dynamic scenes. © 2007 Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Yue S, Rind FC

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Artificial Life

Year: 2007

Volume: 13

Issue: 2

Pages: 93-122

ISSN (print): 1064-5462

ISSN (electronic): 1530-9185

Publisher: MIT Press


DOI: 10.1162/artl.2007.13.2.93

PubMed id: 17355187


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