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Improving the linearity of spectroscopic data subjected to fluctuations in external variables by the extended loading space standardization

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Zeng-ping Chen, Emeritus Professor Julian Morris


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In process analytical applications, spectral measurements can be subject to changes in process temperature, pressure, flow turbulence, and compactness as well as other external variations. Generally, the variations of external variables influence spectral data in a non-linear manner which leads to the poor predictive ability of bilinear calibration models on raw spectral data. In this contribution, the influence of external variables on spectral data is generally classified into two different modes, multiplicative influential mode and composition-related influential mode. A new chemometric method, termed Extended Loading Space Standardization (ELSS), has been developed to explicitly model these two kinds of influential modes. ELSS was applied to two sets of spectral data with fluctuations in external variables and its performance evaluated and compared with global partial least squares (PLS) models and Loading Space Standardization (LSS). Results show that ELSS can efficiently model the external non-linear effects in both data sets and greatly improve the accuracy of predictions with the mean square error of prediction for test samples being 2-3 times smaller than those of LSS and global PLS. © The Royal Society of Chemistry.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Chen Z-P, Morris AJ

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Analyst

Year: 2008

Volume: 133

Issue: 7

Pages: 914-922

Print publication date: 01/01/2008

ISSN (print): 0003-2654

ISSN (electronic): 1364-5528

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry


DOI: 10.1039/b800104a


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