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The influence of urban land use on pedestrians casualties - Case study area: Newcastle upon Tyne, UK

Lookup NU author(s): Dewa Wedagama, Roger Bird, Dr Dilum Dissanayake



Pedestrian accidents in urban areas were analysed in the city of Newcastle upon Tyne focusing on three groups involving children, adults and the elderly. In the UK, children include persons below 16 years, adults between 16 and 64 years and elderly over 64 years. The analysis was carried out by focusing on these age groups in relation to the existing spatial patterns of urban land use in the city centre. The data source was taken from local traffic accident data unit during the period between 1998 and 2001 involving pedestrians ages, demography data from the UK census 2001 and land use data for 2001 from Digimap UK. Ward which is one of the output boundary areas referring to the UK Census 2001 has been chosen as the spatial unit of study. Urban land use types included in the analysis are both trip generators and attractors which refer to official land use classification published by the Department for Communities and Local Government (formerly the Office of Deputy Prime Minister/ODPM). Poisson regression models were performed using the number of pedestrian accidents including these three groups of ages as response variables and census and land use data as explanatory variables. The analysis shows that the increase of retail by 1% in average will increase KSI on adult pedestrians by 30% and 50% during weekdays and weekend non-working hours respectively. Meanwhile, the increase of retail by 1 % on average will increase slight injury by 40% on adult pedestrians during weekdays working hours and by 30% during weekdays and weekend non-working hours.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Wedagama DMP, Bird R, Dissanayake D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: IATSS Research

Year: 2008

Volume: 32

Issue: 1

Pages: 62-73

Print publication date: 01/01/2008

Date deposited: 25/01/2010

ISSN (print): 0386-1112

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: International Association of Traffic and Safety Sciences