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Dosing intermittent haemodialysis in the intensive care unit patient with acute renal failure - Estimation of urea removal and evidence for the regional blood flow model

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Suren Kanagasundaram

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Abstract

Background. Blood-side dosing methods may overestimate urea removal in comparison to dialysate-side measurements during intermittent HD (IHD) for acute renal failure (ARF). The present study sought to quantify this mass balance error (MBE) and explore potential explanatory factors. Methods. Prospective, formal, blood-side urea kinetic modelling was performed in serial sessions (n = 42) in 18 intensive care unit ARF patients. Three blood-side estimates of urea removal were calculated and these were compared to urea removal derived from fractional dialysate sampling and use of an on-line urea monitor. We also examined urea rebound in these patients, as expressed by the intercompartmental urea clearance (Kc), and in a subset of patients examined the relation of Kc to cardiac output and systemic vascular resistance (SVR). Results. The mean % MBE (MBE = blood - dialysate-estimated urea removal) was about 9% using conventional two-pool modelling based on a 60-min post-dialysis blood urea nitrogen (BUN) with or without the use of one or more intra-dialytic BUN values. The extent of MBE could not be explained by the clinical or dialytic variables that were measured. Part of the MBE error was due to overestimation of the intradialytic BUN profile, because model-independent profiling of intra-dialytic BUN values to compute urea removal reduced the MBE to ∼6%. The log Kc was correlated with cardiac output and showed trends towards an inverse correlation with SVR. Conclusions. Classical, two-pool, blood-side UKM produces a modest overestimate of urea removal in IHD for critically ill ARF patients. The source of this small, residual MBE is unknown. The amount of urea rebound, as reflected by Kc, varied among patients and associated with cardiac output and SVR, as predicted by the regional blood flow model. © The Author [2008]. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of ERA-EDTA. All rights reserved.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Kanagasundaram NS, Greene T, Larive AB, Daugirdas JT, Depner TA, Paganini EP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Nephrology Dialysis Transplantation

Year: 2008

Volume: 23

Issue: 7

Pages: 2286-2298

ISSN (print): 0931-0509

ISSN (electronic): 1460-2385

Publisher: Oxford University Press

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1093/ndt/gfm938

DOI: 10.1093/ndt/gfm938

PubMed id: 18272777


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