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Responses of breadmaking quality to sulphur in three wheat varieties

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Eric Evans


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Field experiments were carried out at three sites in England to investigate the effects of S fertilisation on breadmaking quality of three winter wheat varieties (Hereward, Rialto and Spark) in the 1996-1997 season. The soils at the three sites differed in extractable S contents. Depending on site, either 180 and 230 kg ha(-1) N or 230 and 280 kg ha(-1) N treatments were factorially combined with three S treatments (0, 20 and 100 kg ha(-1) S). Addition of S increased loaf volume significantly at two sites where grain S concentration was also significantly increased and grain N:S ratio decreased. Application of the extra 50 kg ha(-1) N increased grain protein concentration but did not increase loaf volume at any of the sites. Loaf volume was found to correlate more closely with grain S than with grain protein concentration. Addition of S generally decreased the elastic modulus of gel protein and dough resistance but increased dough extensibility. Despite considerable differences in their dough rheology, the responses in rheology and loaf volume to S were similar in all three varieties. Selected flour samples of Rialto from the Bridgets site were also analysed for the glutenin subunit distribution, showing that S addition increased the relative proportion of low-molecular-weight subunits at the expense of high-molecular-weight subunits of glutenin. This study therefore shows that the beneficial effects of S on breadmaking quality are associated with decreased dough elasticity and increased extensibility resulting from effects on the amount and composition of the glutenin polymers. The results also indicate that S fertilisation is required in some areas of England to maintain breadmaking quality. (C) 1999 Society of Chemical Industry.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zhao FJ, Salmon SE, Withers PJA, Evans EJ, Monaghan JM, Shewry PR, McGrath SP

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture

Year: 1999

Volume: 79

Issue: 13

Pages: 1865-1874

Print publication date: 01/10/1999

ISSN (print): 0022-5142

ISSN (electronic): 1097-0010

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


DOI: 10.1002/(SICI)1097-0010(199910)79:13<1865::AID-JSFA449>3.3.CO;2-I


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