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Lookup NU author(s): Lainey Fraser,
Dr David Neill
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Background Alzheimer's disease manifests considerable heterogeneity, the cause of which is unknown. Aims To determine the familial (genotypic) influence on phenomenology (phenotype) in Alzheimer's disease. Method Affected sibling pairs with Alzheimer's disease were assessed for a range of cognitive and non -cognitive symptoms. Resemblance for phenotypic characteristics was estimated using intraclass correlations for continuous traits and by pairwise concordance for dichotomous traits. The relationship between age of onset and APOE genotype was examined using linear regression analysis. Results Significant familial effects of age of onset (intraclass correlation 0.41) and mood state (intraclass correlation 0.26), and a relatively high pairwise concordance for agitation (excess concordance 0.1) were found. The APCE locus was found to account for 4% of the Variance in age of onset. Conclusions Substantial familial influence on age of onset, depression and agitation suggests that genotype does influence phenotype in Alzheimer's disease. Establishing the molecular basis for this phenotypic variation may prove relevant to other neuropsychiatric disorders. Declaration of interest Funding received from the Medical Research Council (project grant G9530757N).
Author(s): Tunstall N, Owen MJ, Williams J, Rice F, Carty S, Lillystone S, Fraser L, Kehoe P, Neill D, Rudrasingham V, Sham P, Lovestone S
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: British Journal of Psychiatry
ISSN (print): 0007-1250
ISSN (electronic): 1472-1465
Publisher: Royal College of Psychiatrists
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