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Phenological weighting of ozone exposures in the calculation of critical levels for wheat, bean and plantain

Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Jerry Barnes


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This paper presents phenological weighting factors to be applied to AOT40 (accumulated ozone exposure above a threshold of 40 nl l(-1)) ozone exposure-response relationships for crops at different growth stages. The quantification of such factors represents a step-forward in the derivation of Level II critical levels for ozone. The weighting factors presented are derived from published literature on the sensitivity of wheat (Triticum aestivum), bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) and plantain (Plantago major) to ozone at different growth stages. Weighting functions were calculated using either multiple linear regression or the reciprocal residual mean square (RMS-1). The resulting weights were transformed into multiplication factors to be applied to the monthly AOT40 during the 3-month assessment period of critical level exceedance. Interspecific differences were too large to allow for the development of a unified weighting function for the three species considered. For wheat grain yield, the derived multiplication factors varied by almost four-fold (0.40, 1.06, 1.54), while those for bean pod yield varied by only about 25% (0.85, 1.01, 1.14), The available data for plantain were restricted to short-term studies conducted under controlled conditions. These data were not suitable for the derivation of weighting factors comparable to those derived for bean and wheat. Based on known differences in wheat development and phenology across Europe, the need for a geographic differentiation of the time period for the calculation of the critical level exceedances is also discussed and examples provided of the adoption of the derived weightings in the mapping of critical level exceedances. Differences between critical level exceedance maps using weighted and unweighted AOT40 calculations are discussed. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Barnes JD; Soja G; Posch M; Vandermeiren K; Pleijel H; Mills G

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Environmental Pollution

Year: 2000

Volume: 109

Issue: 3

Pages: 517-524

ISSN (print): 0269-7491

ISSN (electronic): 1873-6424

Publisher: Pergamon


DOI: 10.1016/S0269-7491(00)00055-5


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