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Group cognitive-behavioral therapy for generalized anxiety disorder: Treatment outcome and long-term follow-up

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Mark FreestonORCiD


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A recently developed cognitive-behavioral treatment for generalized anxiety disorder (GAD) targets intolerance of uncertainty by the reevaluation of positive beliefs about worry, problem-solving training, and cognitive exposure. As previous studies have established the treatment's efficacy when delivered individually, the present study tests the treatment in a group format as a way to enhance its cost-benefit ratio. A total of 52 GAD patients received 14 sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy in small groups of 4 to 6 participants. A wait-list control design was used, and standardized clinician ratings and self-report questionnaires assessed GAD symptoms, intolerance of uncertainty, anxiety, depression, and social adjustment. Results show that the treatment group, relative to the wait-list group, had greater postlest improvement on all dependent variables and that treated participants made further gains over the 2-year follow-up phase of the study.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Freeston MH; Dugas MJ; Ladouceur R; Leger E; Langlois F; Provencher MD; Boisvert JM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology

Year: 2003

Volume: 71

Issue: 4

Pages: 821-825

ISSN (print): 0022-006X

ISSN (electronic): 1939-2117

Publisher: American Psychological Association


DOI: 10.1037/0022-006X.71.4.821


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