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Cellular glutathione content, in vitro chemoresponse, and the effect of BSO modulation in samples derived from patients with advanced ovarian cancer

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Andrew Hall


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Objectives. The objective was to assess the relationship between glutathione content and drug sensitivity with glutathione modulation in ovarian cancer in a pilot study using 31 samples of freshly obtained ovarian tumor material from 26 patients with advanced disease. Methods. Processed tumor samples were screened to determine the glutathione content using an enzyme recycling assay modified for use in a 96-well plate format. Chemosensitivity testing (MTT assay) was used to assess sensitivity to cisplatin and doxorubicin and modulation using buthionine sulfoximine. Multidrug-resistance-associated protein MRP1 (putative drug-glutathione conjugate transporter) expression was also assessed. Results. There was a significant increase in the tumor cell GSH levels in samples from patients who had received previous chemotherapy (9) versus those from chemotherapy-naive patients (20), P = 0.005. In vitro chemosensitivity testing with doxorubicin and cisplatin (using LC50 values, i.e., drug dose causing 50% reduction in cell survival relative to untreated control) failed to show a relationship with glutathione levels. Coincubation of cisplatin and doxorubicin with buthionine sulfoximine resulted in a significant increase in sensitivity to both of these drugs overall (cisplatin, P = 0.05; doxorubicin, P = 0.025), with 20 samples showing sensitization to a drug to which they were previously resistant. MRP1 expression failed to show a correlation with drug sensitivity and glutathione levels. Conclusions. Our study supports the use of glutathione modulation using agents such as buthionine sulfoximine in patients with heavily pretreated, drug-resistant ovarian cancer. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA).

Publication metadata

Author(s): Lewandowicz GM, Britt P, Elgie AW, Williamson CJ, Coley HM, Hall AG, Sargent JM

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Gynecologic Oncology

Year: 2002

Volume: 85

Issue: 2

Pages: 298-304

ISSN (print): 0090-8258

ISSN (electronic): 1095-6859


DOI: 10.1006/gyno.2002.6617

PubMed id: 11972391


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