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Long-term renal function in kidneys from non-heart-beating donors: A single-center experience

Lookup NU author(s): Muhammed Gok, Dr Brian Shenton, Dr Helen Robertson, Professor Naeem Soomro, Bryon Jaques, Professor Derek Manas, David Talbot


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Background. Cadaveric kidneys from brain-stem-dead donors continue to be limited because the number of donors has reached a plateau. Wide recruitment of non-heart-beating donors (NHBD) could significantly increase the donor pool. NHBD renal transplants are underused because of the concern of poor quality graft function from such donors. In response to this perception, we reviewed 46 NHBD renal transplants performed in our center since 1998. Methods. All NHBD kidneys were machine-perfused using the Newcastle continuous-hypothermic pulsatile preservation system before transplantation. A control heart-beating-donor (HBD) group was taken as the next consecutive HBD renal transplant to the NHBD transplant. The outcome and quality of function of the groups of renal transplants were analyzed for short-term and long-term performance. Results. The renal transplant patients were matched for donor and recipient factors. Survival rates for allografts and patients were similar for 1 to 3 years. There was an increased incidence of delayed graft function in the NHBD renal transplants in the perioperative period. The creatinine clearance was 22.8+/-2.3 mL/minute for NHBD patients and 44.4+/-2.9 mL/minute for HBD patients at the time of discharge from hospital. This difference equalized after 3 months and the creatinine clearance for NHBD was 44.2+/-2.4 mL/minute and for HBD 49.2+/-3.4 mL/minute. Conclusions. Our results for NHBD renal transplants confirm that such grafts suffer primary warm ischemic injury, shown by the increased incidence of acute tubular necrosis and consequent delayed graft function. This produced poor renal function at the time of hospital discharge. After 3 months, the renal function of NHBD cases improved to the level seen in HBD patients.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Gok MA, Buckley PE, Shenton BK, Balupuri S, El-Sheikh MAF, Robertson H, Soomro NA, Jaques BC, Manas DM, Talbot D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Transplantation

Year: 2002

Volume: 74

Issue: 5

Pages: 664-669

ISSN (print): 0041-1337

ISSN (electronic): 1534-6080


DOI: 10.1097/00007890-200209150-00013


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