Toggle Main Menu Toggle Search

Open Access padlockePrints

Extrapyramidal features in Parkinson's disease with and without dementia and dementia with Lewy bodies: A cross-sectional comparative study

Lookup NU author(s): Professor David Burn, Dr Elise Rowan, Dr Thais Minett, Professor Alan ThomasORCiD, Professor John O'Brien, Professor Ian McKeith


Full text for this publication is not currently held within this repository. Alternative links are provided below where available.


Risk factors predicting an increased risk of dementia in Parkinson's disease (PD) are not fully established. The dementia associated with PD (PDD) closely resembles dementia with Lewy bodies (DLB). Based upon a high frequency of non-dopaminergic mediated clinical features in DLB, we predicted that a motor subtype comprising postural instability and balance problems would be more common in PDD. We examined extrapyramidal, cognitive, and affective features in 38 PD, 43 PDD, and 26 DLB patients in a cross-sectional study design. Motor subtype was subdivided into postural-instability gait difficulty (PIGD) or tremor (TD) dominant. The PIGD-subtype was more common in PDD (88% of cases) and DLB (69% of cases) groups compared with the PD group (38% of cases), in which TD and PIGD sub-types were more equally represented (P < 0.001). Although the mean depression scores overall were modest, PDD patients scored significantly higher than PD, but not DLB patients (Cornell; P = 0.006, and Geriatric Depression scale, GDS-15; P = 0.001), while within the PD group, those patients with a PIGD subtype had greater depression scores than the TD subtype (GDS-15; P < 0.05). We conclude that non-dopaminergic motor features are frequent in PDD. Neurodegeneration within the cholinergic system is likely to mediate many of these motor problems, as well as playing a significant role in determining the neuropsychiatric symptomatology of both PDD and DLB. (C) 2003 Movement Disorder Society.

Publication metadata

Author(s): McKeith IG; Rowan EN; O'Brien JT; Burn DJ; Thomas A; Minett T; Sanders J; Myint P; Richardson J; Newby J; Reid J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Movement Disorders

Year: 2003

Volume: 18

Issue: 8

Pages: 884-889

ISSN (print): 0885-3185

ISSN (electronic):

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.


DOI: 10.1002/mds.10455


Altmetrics provided by Altmetric