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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Colin Kotre
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Modern digital radiographic 'flat panel' detectors can exhibit a progressive form of image degradation arising from non-functioning pixels. The effect of these 'dead pixels' on the quantitive image quality measures of modulation transfer function (MTF), noise power spectrum (NPS) and detective quantum efficiency (DQE) is investigated by a simulated degradation of images obtained from an Hologic EPEX system. The effects on the semi-quantitive measures obtained from contrast threshold test objects and resolution gratings are also investigated. Results suggest that the contrast-detail tests often employed in quality assurance measures are not sufficient to reveal the presence of dead pixels until well beyond the recommended replacement point for the flat panel detector. However, measurements of spatial resolution using a line pairs phantom were found to be more sensitive to pixel loss. Measurement of the MTF, NPS and DQE can reveal small changes in image quality with increasing pixel loss, with a distinctive pattern in the trend of the NPS.
Author(s): Padgett R, Kotre CJ
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Physics in Medicine and Biology
ISSN (print): 0031-9155
ISSN (electronic): 1361-6560
Publisher: Institute of Physics Publishing Ltd
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