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Oro-nasal fistula development and velopharyngeal insufficiency following primary cleft palate surgery - an audit of 148 children born between 1985 and 1997

Lookup NU author(s): Peter Hodgkinson, Carolyn Reid


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We present an audit of primary cleft palate surgery in our unit including rates of two important post-operative complications. Multidisciplinary audit clinics ran from March 1998 to April 2002 to follow up all. local patients with a cleft tip or palate who had undergone primary palatal surgery in our unit. One hundred and forty eight patients were studied. Patient ages at follow-up ranged from 3 years and 10 months to 17 years and 4 months. Two surgeons performed the primary surgery. One hundred and twenty eight Wardill-Kilner and 20 Von Langenbeck repairs were performed. We found a 4.7% rate of oro-nasal fistula development requiring surgical closure, and a 26.4% rate of velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) requiring subsequent pharyngoplasty. We noted that the type of cleft involved affected the rate of VPI, 16% of patients with unilateral cleft tip and palate versus 29.2% of patients with a solitary cleft palate requiring secondary surgery. Outcome of surgery was determined by a 'Cleft Audit Protocol for Speech' (CAPS) speech therapy assessment at follow-up clinics. Only 14.9% of all patients assessed demonstrated any degree of hypernasality. Our results compare favourably with other recent studies including the Clinical Standards Advisory Group (CSAG) report into treatment of children with cleft tip and palate. (c) 2005 The British Association of Plastic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Ltd. Alt rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Inman DS, Thomas P, Hodgkinson PD, Reid CA

Publication type: Conference Proceedings (inc. Abstract)

Publication status: Published

Conference Name: Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery: Annual Congress of the Cranio Facial Society of Great Britain and Ireland

Year of Conference: 2005

Pages: 1051-1054

ISSN: 1748-6815

Publisher: Churchill Livingstone


DOI: 10.1016/j.bjps.2005.05.019

Library holdings: Search Newcastle University Library for this item

ISBN: 15321959