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Lookup NU author(s): Emeritus Professor Alan Craft
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The purpose of the study was to calculate population-based survival rates for osteosarcoma (OS) and Ewing's sarcoma (ES) in Great Britain during 1980-1994, determine proportions of patients treated at specialist centres or entered in national and international clinical trials, and investigate effects of these factors on survival. Data on a population-based series of 1349 patients with OS and 849 with ES were compiled from regional and national cancer registries, UK Children's Cancer Study Group, regional bone tumour registries and clinical trials. Follow-up was through population registers. Survival was analysed by actuarial analysis with log-rank tests and by Cox's proportional hazards analysis. Five-year survival rates during 1980-1984, 1985-1989 and 1990-1994 were 42% (95% CI: 37, 46), 54% (95% CI: 50, 59) and 53% (95% CI: 48, 57), respectively, for OS and 31% (95% CI: 26, 37), 46% (95% CI: 40, 51) and 51% (95% CI: 45, 57) for ES. Proportions of patients treated at a supraregional bone tumour centre or a paediatric oncology centre in the three quinquennia were 36, 56 and 67% for OS and 41, 60 and 69% for ES. In 1983-1992, 48% of OS patients were entered in a national trial; for ES, 27% were entered in 1980-1986 and 54% in 1987-1994. Survival was similar for trial and nontrial patients with OS. For ES, trial patients had consistently higher 5-year survival than nontrial patients: 1980-1986, 42 vs 30%; 1987-1992, 59 vs 42%; 1993-1994, 54 vs 43%. During 1985-1994, patients with OS or ES whose main treatment centre was a nonteaching hospital had lower survival rates. In multivariate analyses of patients diagnosed during 1985-1994 that also included age, sex, primary site, surgical treatment centre, the results relating to main treatment centre for both OS and ES retained significance but the survival advantage of trial entry for ES became nonsignificant. For both OS and ES diagnosed since 1985, patients whose main treatment centre was a nonspecialist hospital had a lower survival rate.
Author(s): Stiller, C. A., Passmore, S. J., Kroll, M. E., Brownbill, P. A., Wallis, J. C., Craft, A. W.
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: British Journal of Cancer
ISSN (print): 0007-0920
ISSN (electronic): 1532-1827
PubMed id: 16317433
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