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Management of small-for-gestational-age twins with absent/reversed end diastolic flow in the umbilical artery: outcome of a policy of daily biophysical profile (BPP)

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Stephen Sturgiss

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Abstract

Objectives To evaluate a strategy of daily biophysical profile (BPP) for pregnancies with small-for-gestational-age twins and with absent or reversed end diastolic flow (AREDF) in the umbilical artery of one twin and to assess the latency interval between detection and delivery in monochorionic (MC) and dichorionic (DC) twin pregnancy. Methods A search of the Fetal Medicine Database was carried out between 2000 and 2005 at a single tertiary centre to identify all cases with AREDF in the umbilical artery with one small-for-gestational-age twin. Active monitoring with daily BPP was undertaken, once the estimated fetal weights (EFW) was >= 500 g and at a gestational age of >= 24 weeks in both twins. Delivery was timed on the basis of an abnormal BPP, two equivocal BPP within 12 h or gestational age of >= 32(+0) weeks. Results Twenty-two MC and 17 DC twin pregnancies were identified. There were no fetal losses in the viable actively monitored MC (19) and DC (13) twins. There was a longer latency interval in the MC group at 21.7 days versus 14.4 days in the DC group (p = 0.13). Delivery was indicated for an abnormal BPP (57.8% MC vs 30.8% DC). Conclusions A strategy of daily BPP can be used to monitor preterm, twin fetuses with AREDF, prolonging pregnancy with an acceptable perinatal outcome. Copyright (C) 2007 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Kennelly MM, Sturgiss SN

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Prenatal Diagnosis

Year: 2007

Volume: 27

Issue: 1

Pages: 77-80

ISSN (print): 0197-3851

ISSN (electronic): 1097-0223

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1002/pd.1630

DOI: 10.1002/pd.1630


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