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Copper-mediated formation of hydrogen peroxide from the amylin peptide: A novel mechanism for degeneration of islet cells in type-2 diabetes mellitus?

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Matthew GermanORCiD


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Amyloid deposits derived from the amylin peptide accumulate within pancreatic islet P-cells in most cases of type-2 diabetes mellitus (T2Dm). Human amylin 'oligomers' are toxic to these cells. Using two different experimental techniques, we found that H2O2 was generated during the aggregation of human amylin into amyloid fibrils. This process was greatly stimulated by Cu(II) ions, and human amylin was retained on a copper affinity column. In contrast, rodent amylin, which is not toxic, failed to generate any H2O2 and did not interact with copper. We conclude that the formation Of H202 from amylin could contribute to the progressive degeneration of islet cells in T213m. (c) 2007 Federation of European Biochemical Societies. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Masad A, Hayes L, Tabner BJ, Turnbull S, Cooper LJ, Fullwood NJ, German MJ, Kametani F, El-Agnaf OMA, Allsop D

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: FEBS Letters

Year: 2007

Volume: 581

Issue: 18

Pages: 3489-3493

Print publication date: 21/07/2007

ISSN (print): 0014-5793

ISSN (electronic): 1873-3468

Publisher: Elsevier BV


DOI: 10.1016/j.febslet.2007.06.061


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Funder referenceFunder name
GR 065764 AIAWellcome Trust