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Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors as adjunctive therapy in patients with persistent atrial fibrillation

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Azfar Zaman


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Objectives The purpose of the current study was to assess the effect of angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEI) therapy in facilitating cardioversion from persistent atrial fibrillation (AF) and maintaining sinus rhythm. Background Pharmacologic therapy and electrical cardioversion for AF are often unsuccessful in maintaining long-term sinus rhythm. Methods The current study, a 1-year, prospective follow-up, comprised 47 patients with persistent AF undergoing electrical cardioversion. Patients receiving ACEI were compared with those receiving other medications. The study end point was the number of defibrillation attempts required for atrial defibrillation and the number of hospital admissions. A secondary end point was change in signal-averaged P-wave duration (SAPD) 1 year after successful electrical cardioversion. Results of those admitted and requiring electrical defibrillation, the number of defibrillation attempts required for successful cardioversion was significantly less in the ACEI group (P < .001). The incidence rate ratio for admissions comparing recipients of ACEI with others was 0.14 (P = .03). Patients receiving ACEI therapy had significantly lower SAPD at 1 year when compared with the no-ACEI group (135 ms &PLUSMN; 3 vs 150 ms &PLUSMN; 2, P = .002). Conclusions The use of long-term ACEI therapy facilitated electrical defibrillation in patients with persistent AF. ACEI therapy also reduced SAPD, suggesting amelioration of the arrhythmogenic substrate. Furthermore, we confirmed that SAPID is prolonged in patients with persistent AF.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Zaman AG, Kearney MT, Schecter C, Worthley SG, Nolan J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: American Heart Journal

Year: 2004

Volume: 147

Issue: 5

Pages: 823-827

ISSN (print): 0002-8703

ISSN (electronic): 1097-6744

Publisher: Elsevier Inc


DOI: 10.1016/j.ahj.2003.07.027


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