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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Nigel Critchley
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The Arable Stewardship Pilot Scheme in England provided farmers with options for creating a range of habitat types on arable land. The prescribed methods of habitat establishment were derived from previous research, but the outcomes were uncertain when applied across the two large areas encompassed by the scheme. Vegetation was sampled from 294 sites representing overwinter stubble, spring fallow, undersown cereals, grass leys, wildlife seed mixtures, conservation headlands, no-fertiliser conservation headlands, sown grass margins, naturally regenerated grass margins and uncropped cultivated margins. Vegetation characteristics and differences between habitat options were broadly as predicted. Uncontrolled environmental factors accounted for more variation than habitat option at naturally regenerated sites, but not at sites with sown cover. Creation of simple habitats on arable land appears to be achievable in agri-environment schemes because the general outcomes are predictable. At a local level, potential effects of environmental factors also need to be taken into account. (C) 2004 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Author(s): Critchley CNR, Allen DS, Fowbert JA, Mole AC, Gundrey AL
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Biological Conservation
ISSN (print): 0006-3207
ISSN (electronic): 1873-2917
Publisher: Elsevier BV
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