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Evolution of the waterways and early human migrations in the north-eastern Baltic Area

Lookup NU author(s): Professor Pavel Dolukhanov


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The earliest evidence of human settlement in north-eastern Baltic Area is attested at Antrea-Korpilahti (9200-8250 cal BC) where Mesolithic artifacts were found in the deposits of a channel linking the Ancylus Lake and the Ladoga Lake. At the initial stage of the Littorina Sea, the Ladoga Lake became isolated and was drained into the Baltic Sea through the Palaeo-Vuoksa river system and the Veshchevo (Hejnijoki) Strait. The sites with the earliest evidence of pottery making (5560-5250 cal BC) coincided with the Littorina 11 stage. The connection of the Saimaa Lake basin with the Gulf of Bothnia was interrupted at 3000 cal BC, when the lake system started to drain into the Ladoga Lake via the Vuoksa (Vuoksi) River. Influx of fresh water caused a rise of the level of the Ladoga Lake. The peak of the ensuing 'Ladoga transgression', was attained between 2210 and 1110 cal BC. At the peak of its transgression the Ladoga Lake formed a new outflow to the Baltic Sea via the Neva River. The current archaeological project is focused on early human migrations, land use and subsistence in relation to environmental changes with a special emphasis on the emergence and configuration of waterways.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Timofeev VI, Dolukhanov PM, Nosov EN, Arslanov KA, Subetto DA, Zaitseva GI

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Geochronometria

Year: 2005

Volume: 24

Pages: 81-85

ISSN (print): 1733-8387

ISSN (electronic): 1897-1695

Publisher: Versita