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Management of acute renal failure in the newborn

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Nadeem Moghal, Professor Nicholas EmbletonORCiD


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Acute renal failure is common in the neonatal period. It is usually manifest by abnormal biochemistry and decreased urine output (< 1 ml/kg/h), but non-oliguric renal failure is also common. A detailed understanding of the common pathophysiologicat mechanisms is rarely needed but an understanding of the common aetiologies (pre-renal, renal and post-renal) will enable the clinician to approach the problem in a logical manner. A standard approach to fluid and electrolyte management is described, along with a practical approach to the investigation and management of renal failure. A working understanding of the principles of peritoneal, dialysis is important and a brief overview of the role of haemodialysis in neonatal renal failure is provided. (c) 2006 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Moghal NE, Embleton ND

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Seminars in Fetal and Neonatal Medicine

Year: 2006

Volume: 11

Issue: 3

Pages: 207-213

ISSN (print): 1744-165X

ISSN (electronic): 1878-0946

Publisher: WB Saunders Co. Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/j.siny.2006.01.007


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