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Effect of catalyst type on the kinetics of the photoelectrochemical disinfection of water inoculated with E. coli

Lookup NU author(s): John Harper, Professor Paul ChristensenORCiD, Dr Terry Egerton, Professor Thomas CurtisORCiD


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The rates of the photoelectrochemical disinfection of Escherichia coli at TiO2 electrodes were measured as a function of concentration and applied potential. Two different TiO2 photoelectrodes were used: a thermally treated titanium plate and a porous film prepared by a sol-gel hydrolysis technique. The kinetics of the disinfection process were found to depend upon the nature of the electrode material. For the thermal film they were first order, and half order for the sol-gel film. It was also found that the catalytic activity per unit surface area of catalyst is many orders of magnitude greater than that observed using TiO2 slurries; this was attributed to the reduced rate of electron-hole recombination afforded by the application of a small potential bias (similar to1 V vs Ag/AgCl), and hence the exploitation of the electric field enhancement (EFE) effect.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Harper JC, Christensen PA, Egerton TA, Curtis TP, Gunlazuardi J

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Applied Electrochemistry

Year: 2001

Volume: 31

Issue: 6

Pages: 623-628

ISSN (print): 0021-891X

ISSN (electronic): 1572-8838

Publisher: Springer Netherlands


DOI: 10.1023/A:1017539328022


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