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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Ivan Zammit-Maempel,
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CT has become an established examination in the evaluation of the paranasal sinuses. Until recently this was achieved by the direct coronal technique on conventional and single slice helical scanners. With the advent of multislice technology, thin slice axial CT with excellent coronal and sagittal reconstructions is now the norm. We describe a study designed to evaluate the radiation dose to the lens of the eye and thyroid gland in the axial and coronal planes on a Siemens Volume Zoom quad slice scanner at 140 kV and effective mAs of 100 using 1 mm collimation. Thermoluminescent dosimeters were placed on the eyelid and thyroid gland of 29 patients scanned axially in the supine position and a further 28 patients scanned coronally in the prone position with gantry tilt. The results show mean doses of 35.1 mGy (lens) and 2.9 mGy (thyroid gland) in the coronal plane compared with 24.5 mGy (lens) and 1.4 mGy (thyroid gland) in the axial plane. Results obtained from a head phantom and from using the ImPACT CT dose calculator were comparable. The kV and mAs were then reduced to 120 and 40, respectively, and the axial study repeated using the head phantom and predicted doses using the ImPACT CT dose calculator. The low dose scanning technique revealed a lens dose of 9.2 mGy and thyroid dose of 0.4 mGy. The eye dose on a multislice scanner is still substantially less than the threshold dose of 0.5-2 Gy for detectable lens opacities. These results indicate that, in addition to the established perceived advantages of multislice axial sinus CT, i.e. patient comfort, no artefact from dental amalgam and reproducible true coronal images, should be included a decreased radiation dose to both the eye lens and thyroid gland compared with direct coronal scanning.
Author(s): Zammit-Maempel I, Chadwick CL, Willis SP
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: British Journal of Radiology
ISSN (print): 0007-1285
ISSN (electronic): 1748-880X
Publisher: British Institute of Radiology
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