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Prescribing an equilibrated intermittent hemodialysis dose in intensive care unit acute renal failure

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Suren Kanagasundaram

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Abstract

Background. Prospective, formal, blood-side, urea kinetic modeling (UKM) has yet to be applied in intermittent hemodialysis for acute renal failure (ARF). Methods for prescribing a target, equilibrated Kt/V (eKt/V) are described for this setting. Methods. Serial sessions (N = 108) were studied in 28 intensive care unit ARF patients. eKt/V was derived using delayed posthemodialyis urea samples and formal, double-pool UKM (eKt/V-ref), and by applying the Daugirdas-Schneditz venous rate equation to pre- and posthemodialysis samples (eKt/V-rate). Individual components of prescribed and delivered dose were compared. Prescribed eKt/V values were determined using in vivo dialyzer clearance estimates and anthropometric (Watson and adjusted Chertow) and modeled urea volumes. Results. eKt/V-ref (mean +/- SD = 0.91 +/- 0.26) was well-approximated by eKt/V-rate (0.92 +/- 0.25), R = 0.92. Modeled V exceeded Watson V by 25% +/- 29% (P < 0.001) and Adjusted Chertow V by 18% &PLUSMN; 28% (P < 0.001), although the degree of overestimation diminished over time. This difference was influenced by access recirculation (AR) and use of saline flushes. The median % difference between Vdp(rate) and Watson V was reduced to 1% after adjusting for AR for the 22 sessions with 1 saline flush. The median coefficients of variation for serial determinations of Adjusted Chertow V, modeled V, urea generation rate, and eKt/V-ref were 2.7%, 12.2%, 30.1%, and 16.4%, respectively. Because of comparatively higher modeled urea Vs, delivered eKt/V-ref was lower than prescribed eKt/V, based on Watson V or Adjusted Chertow V, by 0.13 and 0.08 Kt/V units. The median absolute errors of prescribed eKt/V vs. delivered therapy (eKt/V-ref) were not large and were similar in prescriptions based on the Adjusted Chertow V(0.127) vs. those based on various double-pool modeled urea volumes (similar to0.127). Conclusion. Equilibrated Kt/V can be derived using formal, double-pool UKM in intensive care unit ARF patients, with the venous rate equation providing a practical alternative. A target eKt/V can be prescribed to within a median absolute error of less than 0.14 Kt/V units using practical prescription algorithms. The causes of the increased apparent volume of urea distribution appear to be multifactorial and deserve further investigation.


Publication metadata

Author(s): Kanagasundaram NS, Greene T, Larive AB, Daugirdas JT, Depner TA, Garcia M, Paganini EP, PICARD Study Group

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Kidney International

Year: 2003

Volume: 64

Issue: 6

Pages: 2298-2310

ISSN (print): 0085-2538

ISSN (electronic): 1523-1755

Publisher: Nature Publishing Group

URL: http://dx.doi.org/10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00337.x

DOI: 10.1046/j.1523-1755.2003.00337.x


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