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Lookup NU author(s): Dr Heather Bigg,
Emeritus Professor Drew Rowan,
Emeritus Professor Tim Cawston
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YKL-40 is expressed in arthritic cartilage and produced in large amounts by cultured chondrocytes, but its exact role is unclear, and the identities of its physiological ligands remain unknown. Purification of YKL-40 from resorbing bovine nasal cartilage and chondrocyte monolayers demonstrated the existence of three isoforms, a major and minor form from resorbing cartilage and a third species from chondrocytes. Affinity chromatography experiments with purified YKL-40 demonstrated specific binding of all three forms to collagen types I, II, and III, thus identifying collagens as potential YKL-40 ligands. Binding to immobilized type I collagen was inhibited by soluble native ligand, but not heat-denatured ligand, confirming a specific interaction. Binding of the chondrocyte-derived species to type I collagen was also demonstrated by surface plasmon resonance analysis, and the dissociation rate constant was calculated (3.42 x 10(-3) to 4.50 x 10(-3) s(-1)). The chondrocyte-derived species was found to prevent collagenolytic cleavage of type I collagen and to stimulate the rate of type I collagen fibril formation in a concentration-dependent manner. By contrast, the cartilage major form had an inhibitory effect on type I collagen fibrillogenesis. Digestion with N-glycosidase F, endoglycosidase H and lectin blotting did not reveal any difference in the carbohydrate component of these two YKL-40 species, indicating that this does not account for the opposing effects on fibril formation rate.
Author(s): Bigg HF, Wait R, Rowan AD, Cawston TE
Publication type: Article
Publication status: Published
Journal: Journal of Biological Chemistry
ISSN (print): 0021-9258
ISSN (electronic): 1083-351X
Publisher: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
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