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The evaluation of forty-three plant species for in vitro antimycobacterial activities; isolation of active constituents from Psoralea corylifolia and Sanguinaria canadensis

Lookup NU author(s): Dr Sudagar Gurcha, Professor Del Besra


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Extracts from forty-three plant species were selected on account or reported traditional uses For the treatment of TB and/or leprosy. These were assayed for antimycobacterial activities. A simple in vitro screening assay was employed using two model species of mycobacteria, M aurum and M. smegmatis. Crude methanolic extracts from three of the plants, C, mukul, P. corylifolia and S. canadensis, were found to have significant antimyeobacterial activity against M, aurum only (MIC = 62.5 mug/ml). Bioassay guided fractionation led to the isolation of two known bonzophenanthridine alkaloids, sanguinarine (1) and chelerythrine (2), from the roots S. canadensis and the known phenolic microterpene, bakuchiol (3) from the seeds of P. corylifolia. The fractionation of the resin of C. mukul lead to a decrease in antimycobacterial activity and hence further work was not pursued. Compound (2) was the most active against M. aurum and M. smegmatis (IC50) = 7.30 mug/ml [19.02 muM] and 29.0 mug/ml [75.56 muM], respectively). M. aurum was the most susceptible organism to all three compounds. No significant difference in antimycobacterial activity was observed when the two alkaloids were tested for activity in media of differing pH values. The activities of the pure Compounds against 11, aurum were comparable with those against M. bovis BCG with compound (2) being the most active (M. bovis BCG, IC50 = 14.3 mug/ml [37.3 muM]). These results support the use of these plants in traditional medicine. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

Publication metadata

Author(s): Newton SM, Lau C, Gurcha SS, Besra GS, Wright CW

Publication type: Article

Publication status: Published

Journal: Journal of Ethnopharmacology

Year: 2002

Volume: 79

Issue: 1

Pages: 57-67

ISSN (print): 0378-8741

ISSN (electronic): 1872-7573

Publisher: Elsevier Ireland Ltd


DOI: 10.1016/S0378-8741(01)00350-6


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